Emisyon değerlerinde manipülasyon yaptığı ortaya çıkarılan Alman Volkswagen (VW) şirketi, 1 milyar euro para cezasına çarptırıldı. Skandal, dünyanın bir numaralı otomobil üreticisinin küresel satışlarını etkilememişti.
Egzoz skandalı yüzünden yıllardır manşetlerden düşmeyen Volkswagen (VW) holdingine Alman tarihinin en büyük para cezası verildi.
Braunschweig Savcılığı Alman şirketine 1 milyar euro para cezası kesti. Uzun süredir şirket hakkında soruşturma yürüten savcılık Volkswagen’in “denetleme yükümlülüğünü ihlal ettiğine” karar verdi.
VW, emisyon değerlerini manipüle ettiğinin saptanması üzerine ABD’de milyarlarca dolarlık para cezası ve müşterilerine de tazminat ödemek zorunda kalmıştı. Alman ceza hukuku bu gibi durumlarda mağdurlara tazminat ödenmesini öngörmüyor.
Tüketiciyi koruma kuruluşları savcılık kararını olumlu karşılamakla birlikte, kararın egzoz normlarına uymayan araç sahiplerine herhangi bir faydası olmamasını eleştiriyor. Tüketiciyi koruma kuruluşları federasyonunun başkanı Klaus Müller, “yaptığı sahtekârlık yüzünden VW’den nihayet hesap sormaya başlanmasını prensip olarak memnuniyetle karşıladıklarını” söyledi.
Para cezası kararının VW müşterilerine doğrudan etkisinin olmayacağını kaydeden Müller, “norm dışı emisyon değerleri yüzünden araçlarının trafikten men edilmesi mümkün olan VW sahiplerinin mağdur edilemeyeceğini ve emisyon düşürücü ek mekanik donanım masraflarının karşılanabilmesi için bir fon oluşturulması gerektiğini” belirtti.
“Denetleme yükümlülüğünün ihlali” Almanya’da “kural dışı davranış” olarak tanımlanıyor. VW yasaların öngördüğü azami 5 milyon euro tutarındaki ceza dışında, söz konusu otomobillerin satışından elde ettiği ekonomik kârın 995 milyon euro’sunu da devlete ödeyecek. Şirket karara “itiraz etmeyeceğini ve sorumluluğu kabul ettiğini” duyurdu. VW’nin savcılık kararıyla ilgili açıklamasında “bu işlemin kapanmasının diğer Avrupa ülkelerinde şirket hakkında başlatılan hukuki işlemler üzerinde de etkili olmasının beklendiği” dile getirildi.
Braunschweig Savcılığının VW yöneticileri hakkında hilekârlığa karıştıkları ve piyasa manipülasyonu yaptıkları şüphesiyle başlattığı ön soruşturma devam ediyor. VW’nin eski yönetici kadrosu, borsayı egzoz skandalından haberdar etmeyi geciktirdikleri suçlamasını reddetmişti.
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Once you consider of unlawful immigration inside the U.S., would you photo a border cro ser or po sibly a visa overstayer? A family members or a solitary particular person? A farmworker or maybe a waiter? People today residing inside the U.S. with no lawful status are usually invoked in American politics specially in recent months. Even so the dialogue is frequently brief on facts with regard to the thousands and thousands of individuals who slide into this group. There are actually, on the other hand, out-of-date beliefs: A Pew Study Middle survey in 2015 observed that only a few Us residents are conscious of recent variations in immigration designs.PoliticsImmigrants During the U.S. Illegally Say ‚We’re Not Hypothetical‘ And, not surprisingly, you can find stereotypes, which frequently really don’t normally match up with actuality. The majority of people from the U.S. illegally are actually in this article for several years, for illustration, and other people operating support work opportunities considerably outnumber migrant farm labor. This is a look for the true statistics about folks residing in the U.S. illegally. We should always note that there are some caveats about this details. Unique study teams use distinct methodologies, and in some cases, they count on estimates. We have integrated one-way links to all our data resources to help you go through regarding their techniques in additional depth. About 11 million folks reside while in the U.S. with no authorization You will find significantly much more naturalized citizens than unauthorized immigrants within the U.S., and a bit a lot more eco-friendly card holders, based on the Pew Investigate Centre.The full number of men and women dwelling from the country illegally about eleven million has made headlines lately, because immigration advocates counsel that beneath the Trump administration’s immigration enforcement policies, just about all of them may be targeted for deportation. (Over seven-hundred,000 „DREAMers“ immigrants who have been introduced in the U.S. illegally or overstayed their visas as kids remain briefly shielded from deportation via the Deferred Motion for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, plan.)Longtime residents outnumber new arrivals A large greater part of those people now dwelling inside the U.S. illegally are actually right here for just a 10 years or more time, that is a major shift with the problem on the convert from the millennium.About two-thirds of unauthorized immigrants have lived in the U.S. for 10 years or maybe more, Pew states. Only 14 p.c arrived within the earlier 5 a long time. During the late nineteen nineties, the volume of new arrivals was considerably higher, and the share of longtime citizens much reduce. Mexicans make up a dominant but declining share of the inhabitants Mexico is „the foremost country of origin for U.S. unauthorized immigrants,“ Pew writes, even so the share of immigrants from Mexico is additionally declining. That may be to state, Mexican immigrants undoubtedly are a shrinking the greater part of the inhabitants living inside the region Nomar Mazara Jersey via unlawful immigration. Of people living from the U.S. illegally, more than 50 % are from Mexico. The populace from that 1 state considerably outnumbers the inhabitants from full continents. But you’ll find much le s folks of Mexican origin residing while in Shin-Soo Choo Jersey the U.S. now than there were a decade in the past. You’ll be able to see the trend lines obviously should you search just at people arriving from the U.S. illegally, in place of the thousands and thousands who reside right here. The proportion arriving from Mexico has dropped markedly, while extra immigrants are coming from Africa, Central America and Asia.The explanations for your shifting immigration styles are complex. For Central American immigrants, conflicts within their dwelling international locations absolutely play a role. The Migration Plan Institute indicates that there could be similar reasons for elevated migration from Asia and Africa. „As European nations around the world have tightened migration limits soon after history inflows of asylum seekers and migrants in 2015, some Africans and Asians fleeing conflict and poverty appear to become traveling to Latin American nations with comparatively lenient visa guidelines, this kind of as Ecuador, Brazil, and Cuba, then turning to set up regional migration networks,“ the Migration Coverage Institute writes. Countle s hundreds of unauthorized immigrants entered with legitimate visas The Division of Homeland Safety has estimated that as of Jan. four, 2016, about 416,500 folks overstayed their visas in fiscal year 2015. That is under 1 % of visa holders who entered the U.S. in the course of that period of time. However, it’s unclear the amount of visa overstayers make up the whole selection of unauthorized immigrants. A Pew estimate from 2006 states it may be as large as forty five percent. A current review from the Centre for Migration Experiments estimates that two-thirds of people that joined the unauthorized immigrant populace in 2014 had been visa overstayers. Why’s it so challenging to nail down the details? Partially, it is really since the data released past yr tend to be the initial figures on visa overstays the governing administration has launched in additional than 20 years.Politics5 Items To be aware of About Obama’s Enforcement Of Immigration Rules Federal legislation demands the Department of Homeland Safety to report the amount of individuals occur in to the U.S. and remain immediately after their visas expire. But the govt has long been having ha sle collecting that details for some time, being a examine through the U.S. Government Accountability Busine s found.The Two-WayWhat’s New In Those DHS Memos On Immigration Enforcement?PoliticsPresident Trump Expre ses Openne s Toward Immigration Overhaul The best way airports along with other ports of entry are presently create makes it tough to monitor any time a traveler leaves the U.S. The office continues to be piloting new programs to recognize airport travelers by scanning their faces and irises. With out historical facts, it truly is really hard to evaluate tendencies. Even so the estimates for fiscal 12 months 2015 do clearly show that Canadians made up nearly all of visa overstays.sixty one p.c of unauthorized immigrants reside in 20 metro locations but most reside in the suburbs, not the city If you are somebody living in the U.S. illegally, odds will you be might be present in just one of a few big metropolitan areas and their encompa sing suburbs. Sixty-one per cent of this population life in twenty metropolitan areas, this sort of as The big apple, L. a. and Houston, Pew experiences. That is extremely diverse from your stats for that U.S. in general just 36 per cent with the in general inhabitants live in those places. But „metropolitan“ does not imply „urban,“ and many persons living there illegally reside in the suburbs in lieu of the town appropriate. (The sole exception to that rule is Phoenix.)NewsSanctuary Church buildings Brace For Clash With Trump Administration That will pose a challenge for city governments that want to take a stand on immigration troubles, as NPR’s Richard Gonzalez noted very last thirty day period:“Many large town mayors have promised to resist President Trump’s danger to chop off federal funds to sanctuary cities. Although the fact that nearly all of the unauthorized immigrants dwell beyond city limitations may po sibly complicate a mayor’s ability to protect them, according to William Frey, a demographer for the Brookings Establishment. „He informed the Chicago Tribune, ‚This may well increase queries of whether or not the sanctuary standing is an umbrella 1 that addre ses the full region.‘ „Most are working in a sistance and building employment You almost certainly realize that people dwelling while in the U.S. without authorized position, and other immigrants, are a major section of the farm labor force. This is exactly why the farm busine s and farmworkers are actually keenly worried about Trump’s rhetoric and insurance policies on immigration. But there just are not really many farming work opportunities while in the U.S., over-all. So farming just isn’t a common marketplace for your 11 million only 4 % of folks dwelling in this article illegally get the job done in agriculture. Significantly, far more function in a sistance work opportunities or in design.A lot of have kids who’re U.S. citizens In accordance with the Migration Policy Institute, one-third of men and women who are age fifteen or more mature and staying inside the U.S. devoid of authorization reside with not le s than a person youngster beneath the age of eighteen who’s a U.S. citizen. That’s much much more than the range who are living only with noncitizen little ones that’s just six per cent of your population. Jennifer Van Hook, a demographer at Penn Condition College who reports immigration, points out that this statistic exhibits that deportations have an effect on in exce s of Russell Wilson Jersey just unauthorized immigrants. „When these people leave the country, who’s about to look after their children? It really is likely that several of all those U.S.-born little ones is going to be accompanying their dad and mom,“ she claims. Former President Barack Obama’s try and briefly protect these dad and mom of U.S. citizens from deportation by means of Deferred Action for fogeys of usa citizens and Lawful Everlasting Inhabitants often known as DAPA has not been executed, and the future on the hard work is unclear. Correction March nine, 2017 A past model from the first chart on this website page explained there are 32.5 million naturalized citizens while in the U.S. You can find 19 million, according to the Pew Investigate Middle. (You will discover 32.five million lawful immigrants, a quantity which includes naturalized citizens, environmentally friendly card holders and visa holders.)
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